The domain name in simple words is an address to identify a particular website. In technical terms, the Domain name is a string to point the user to the specified server where the site is hosted — authority within one’s area over the internet. In the networking context, a domain name is used to address a website or a path to reach a particular site and to assign a name that is specific to an application. A Domain name addresses a network domain and also identifies a particular IP, i.e., Internet Protocol. An IP is linked to a server that hosts your website. All these communications are taken place over the internet to connect computers to the website with very particular search results. There are several million distinct domain names registered over the internet and several hundred and thousands of domain names being registered over the world in a single day.
To set or decide upon a domain name, Rules and several procedures listed by Domain Name System or in short a DNS should be considered. A final and decided domain name should be registered with the DNS. There is an organised level of domains within the DNS, like for example, a Domain is split or subcategorised into sub-levels. The primary level or central level is known as the TLD, or abbreviated as Top-level domain, which includes generic TLDs like .com, .edu, .org etc., below this would be the sub level or subcategorized levels of DNS, this will be used by reservation by the domain’s end user, through which an end user can connect to their very own LAN or Local Area Network. These domains are created to be made accessible over all the internet sources.
Domain Name – Registration
As briefly specified earlier, all the generic and unique domain names should be universally registered with the DNS. These domain names are administered or overlooked by registrars associated with the domain name. These registrars use their service to sell the domains to the public at large.
FQDN – Fully Qualified Domain Name is where a detailed specification of the DNS hierarchy with all its labels. All the Labels with the DNS are case sensitive, hence these domains cannot be derived just by imagination but instead of logic and ease of use to both parties involved in using the domain.
The most common domain name, i.e., .com was the first ever registered domain name in its history. Until 2019, there have been over millions and millions of domains registered with the DNS. This statistics is based on the combination of all the levels of domains involved in the hierarchy.
Domain or its specific names are considered the base for the creation of a website. In the industry of real estate, the most sought after domains are considered are of highest quality, since these domains are supposed to hold a very prominent value. This is mainly due to their advertising use, their potential to portray a brand over the internet, optimization of the search engine and several other miscellaneous criteria.
There are also companies who offer very cost effective and low-cost domains for registration. These domains or their respective models have adopted to reduce costs to its providers. Also, to reduce cost through advertising a particular framework that wraps the advertisement with its holders’ content. It’s entirely new in the recent years that DNS has allowed to let its registers use a cost-free or free of charge registrations. With this free of charge DNS registration, a full domain would let its records its users hold several subdomains.
One of the main drawbacks with registering with DNS is finding a unique domain that is still made available amongst several millions of already registered domains. DNS would further allow the possible combination of Domains that are still available with the DNS.
TLD – in general, a TLD would be associated with .com. These are considered as the highest levels of domain names over the internet. TLDs are set as the DNS root zone within the DNS, very highest level of the domain name will end with domain name tagged with it.
Following this, the next levels or sub-levels are tagged along with the highest level of domain name registration. For example, university.in.edu
Subsequent levels of domain names are at this moment added with the other levels of domains. There is no limitation on holding several sub levels of Domains.
Levels of Control
Administrator – While registration, this assigned administrator is given control to manage a particular registered domain name.
Technical support – This person helps manage and control the servers with their domain name on it.
Billing – This would be the accounts payable or billing contact of the domain, invoices for application fees payable are sent to this person.
DNS – Usually 1 or more servers are assigned during the registration process. The DNS governs types of servers and number of servers.